23andMe is a personal genetic service that helps you understand what your 23 pairs of chromosomes, your DNA, say about your health, traits and ancestry. It’s the first and only genetic service available directly to you which includes reports that meet FDA standards. Customers receive a snapshot view of their DNA with more than 65 detailed reports on their health, traits and ancestry, plus tools to explore and compare their DNA with others. However, if you're really interested in migration patterns and analyzing your own data I recommend GEDMatch and DNALand for additional tools.
As some of you might know, I’m a big fan of open source software. Now although the calculator works to analyse your shared DNA (your raw data in a zipped file), you need to manually upload your DNA for each ancient individual. There is no way to mass compare the results which makes this process slightly more time consuming. Source Code at GitHub. You can find some more details here.
Shared Ancient DNA:
Ajvide 58: 0.58%
Altai Neanderthal: 0.19%
Australian Aboriginal: 0.85%
Clovis Anzick 1: 12.51%
Gökhem 2: 0.61%
La Braña-Arintero: 3.96%
Results based on my Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA):
Haplogroup: J1b1a (a subgroup of J1)
Maternal haplogroups are families of mitochondrial DNA types that all trace back to a single mutation at a specific place and time. By looking at the geographic distribution of mtDNA types, we learn how our ancient female ancestors migrated throughout the world.
Haplogroup J originated about 45,000 years ago on the Arabian Peninsula not long after modern humans expanded out of Africa and onto the Eurasian continent. About 7,000 years ago the expansion of farming carried daughter lineages of J, including J1, into Europe. Today the haplogroup extends as far west as Britain and as far east as Central Asia. (23andMe)
2.5% Neanderthal (average genome wide European percentage is 2.7%)
More about Neanderthals
Neanderthals were a group of humans who lived in Europe and Western Asia. They are the closest evolutionary relatives of modern humans, but they went extinct about 40,000 years ago. The first Neanderthals arrived in Europe about 200,000 years ago. Neanderthals — Homo neanderthalensis — and modern humans — Homo sapiens — lived along side each other for thousands of years. Genetic evidence suggest that they interbred and although Neanderthals disappeared about 40,000 years ago, traces of their DNA — between 1 percent and 4 percent — are found in all modern humans outside of Africa. Apart from the curiosity of finding what percentage of a modern human's genome is Neanderthal, the information has great value for science. By comparing our DNA with Neanderthal DNA, scientists can detect the most recent evolutionary changes as we developed into fully modern humans. Read more about the science behind this. (23andMe)
My ancestry results on DNALand using 23andMe data:
Northern European 84%
South/Central European 1.3%
These results vary depending on which site you use, my results according to 23andMe (Speculative):
18.4% Broadly Northwestern European
Using GEDMatch, I was able to pinpoint most of the British DNA to Orkney and there was a significant lack of any Roman DNA, which leads me to believe my ancestors were very much based in the North (of both Britain and Ireland). The Scandinavian and Northern European results also point to this.
I am using the old site (I'm based in Europe), without the updates currently available in the US. Once the European tools/site has been updated, I will add another post with visual data as they have aesthetically pleasing elements such as a colourful historical time line for migration patterns.
Women have two X chromosomes, men have an X and a Y, so I would also like to mention that if you are female, please remember that these results represent you (percentages inherited from your mother and father) and in terms of historical lineage, it's your mother's line (maternal line).
Men are able to trace both their maternal (mother) and paternal (father) lines, women can only trace their maternal lines using their own DNA. Other members of your family will have slightly different results as we are all individuals. It's recommended that in order to discover your paternal ancestry (and/or migration patterns), you should ask your brother or father to get tested too.
I believe that humans first evolved in Africa and ventured out around 60,000 years ago.